A Comprehensive Guide to Literature JAMB Past Questions and Answers

The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) is a crucial stepping stone for Nigerian students aspiring to enter tertiary institutions. Among the various subjects offered in the JAMB examination, Literature in English stands out as a challenging yet rewarding subject. In this blog post, we will delve into the literature JAMB past questions and answers, exploring eligibility criteria, requirements, and areas of concentration to help you navigate this significant academic hurdle.                                                                                                  A Comprehensive Guide to Literature JAMB Past Questions and Answers

Eligibility Criteria

Before diving into the specifics of the literature JAMB past questions, it’s essential to understand the eligibility criteria for the JAMB examination. As of my knowledge cutoff in January 2022, candidates are generally required to have completed their secondary education and obtained a Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSCE) or its equivalent.

Additionally, candidates must have chosen the appropriate subjects for their desired course of study. For literature, candidates typically combine it with other arts or social science subjects, depending on their chosen field.

Requirements for JAMB Registration

To sit for the JAMB examination, prospective candidates must follow the official registration process. Here are the general requirements:

  1. National Identification Number (NIN): Candidates are required to obtain a NIN before registering for JAMB. This is a unique identification number issued by the National Identity Management Commission (NIMC).
  2. Choice of Examination Subject: Ensure you choose Literature in English as one of your examination subjects during the registration process. This is crucial for receiving the correct set of questions during the examination.
  3. O’Level Result: Candidates are usually required to provide details of their O’Level results during registration. This includes the SSCE or its equivalent.
  4. Biometric Verification: JAMB introduced biometric verification to enhance the credibility of the examination. Candidates are required to undergo biometric capturing during the registration process.                                                                                          see also                                                                                                                               Past Questions and Key Areas of Concentration in JAMB English Language                                                                                                          Mastering the Molecules: A Comprehensive Guide to Past Questions and Key Areas of Concentration in JAMB Chemistry     Mastering Biology: A Comprehensive Guide to Past Questions and Key Areas of Concentration in JAMB

Now that we have covered the eligibility and requirements, let’s explore the literature JAMB past questions and answers.

Literature JAMB Past Questions and Answers

The literature JAMB examination typically covers a range of topics, including drama, poetry, and prose. It is essential to familiarize yourself with past questions to understand the examination format and the type of questions that may be asked.

  1. Drama:
    • Questions on the analysis of characters, themes, and dramatic techniques.
    • Comparative analysis of two or more plays.
  2. Poetry:
    • Analysis of poetic devices such as rhyme, meter, and imagery.
    • Interpretation of poems and understanding the poet’s intention.
  3. Prose:
    • Comprehension passages with questions testing the candidate’s understanding of the prose.
    • Analysis of characters, themes, and narrative techniques.

To further assist you in your preparation, let’s delve into some sample literature JAMB past questions and answers:


  1. In Wole Soyinka’s play “The Man Died: Prison Notes,” discuss the role of the protagonist in challenging societal norms.

Answer: The protagonist serves as a symbol of resistance, embodying the author’s critique of oppressive systems. Through his actions and dialogue, Soyinka underscores the need for individuals to confront injustice.

Poetry: 2. Analyze the use of symbolism in Chinua Achebe’s poem “Refugee Mother and Child.”

Answer: The recurring motif of the “sacred” silence symbolizes the unspeakable pain and loss experienced by the refugee mother. Achebe employs symbolism to convey the profound emotional impact of displacement.

Prose: 3. Compare and contrast the themes of identity in Buchi Emecheta’s “The Joys of Motherhood” and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s “Half of a Yellow Sun.”

Answer: While “The Joys of Motherhood” explores the challenges of motherhood in a changing society, “Half of a Yellow Sun” delves into the complexities of identity during the Nigerian Civil War. Both novels, however, highlight the impact of historical events on individual lives.

Areas of Concentration

In preparing for the literature JAMB examination, it is crucial to focus on specific areas that are frequently tested. Here are some key areas of concentration:

  1. Literary Terms and Concepts: Understand and be able to apply literary terms such as allegory, symbolism, foreshadowing, and irony.
  2. Character Analysis: Develop the skill to analyze characters in depth, considering their motivations, conflicts, and contributions to the overall theme.
  3. Themes and Motifs: Identify recurring themes and motifs in literary works and explore their significance.
  4. Authorial Style: Pay attention to the unique writing styles of different authors, including their use of language, narrative techniques, and literary devices.
  5. Contextual Understanding: Consider the historical and cultural context of the literary works, as this often influences the themes and characters.


In conclusion, success in the literature JAMB examination requires a thorough understanding of the eligibility criteria, registration requirements, and a focused approach to past questions and key areas of concentration. By diligently preparing for the examination and familiarizing yourself with the literature JAMB past questions and answers, you increase your chances of achieving a commendable score.

Remember, the journey to success in the JAMB examination is not just about memorizing facts but developing a deep understanding of literary concepts and applying critical thinking skills. Best of luck in your preparation, and may you excel in the upcoming literature JAMB examination!